Transporting your firearm legally in Illinois is sometimes a confusing topic, but it doesn’t have to be. There is much information that makes it easy to comply with the law to transport your firearm legally in Illinois. However the law does treat Illinois residents and non residents differently, so it is also important to know those differences. It is also important to know the legal differences between “Carry” and “Transportation” in Illinois. This article is not to be considered legal advice.
Transporting your Firearm Legally for Illinois Residents
Illinois residents must always have their Firearm Owner Identification (FOID) card or their Illinois Concealed Carry License (CCL) on their person at all times when in possession of firearms and ammunition.
With your FOID, for transport, the firearm must either be..
- Broken down in a non functioning state, OR
- Not immediately Accessible, OR
- Unloaded and enclosed in a case.
The following pamphlet was printed before Illinois allowed carrying of concealed firearms, however does clearly explain how one may transport you firearm legally in Illinois: Transporting-Your-Firearm-Legally-Illinois-State-Police Brochure
For an Illinois resident to carry a firearm, they must have a valid Illinois Concealed Carry License on their person and the firearm must be a hand gun as defined by the Illinois law.
Transporting your Firearm Legally for Illinois Non-Residents
The process for an Illinois non-resident to transport their firearm legally in Illinois is similar to that of a resident, however there are also some differences. The first difference is that the non-resident does not need a FOID card. Infact most non residents aren’t even aware of what a FOID card is. Essentially it is a card that says you have passed a background check, similar to the National Instant Check System (NICS) that anyone who has bought a gun has underwent. The difference is Illinois residents need this card on their person at all times they are in possession of firearms or ammunition, non residents do not.
For purposes of transportation, the non-resident must adhere to the above described criteria of broken down in a non functioning state, OR not immediately Accessible, OR unloaded and enclosed in a case.
It is important to note that the case does not need to be a separate case for the firearm and the ammunition. It is also important to note that the case(s) need not be locked. There is some mis-information surrounding this topic and I believe that confusion arises when we discuss the federal Firearm Owner Protection Act (FOPA) which states for federal transportation purposes the firearms and ammunition must be in separate locked cases. Illinois does not have this requirement.
The Illinois Firearm Concealed Carry Licensing Act states:
(e) Nothing in this Act shall prohibit a non-resident from transporting a concealed firearm within his or her vehicle in Illinois, if the concealed firearm remains within his or her vehicle and the non-resident:
(1) is not prohibited from owning or possessing a
firearm under federal law;
(2) is eligible to carry a firearm in public under
the laws of his or her state or territory of residence, as evidenced by the possession of a concealed carry license or permit issued by his or her state of residence, if applicable; and
(3) is not in possession of a license under this Act.
If the non-resident leaves his or her vehicle unattended, he or she shall store the firearm within a locked vehicle or locked container within the vehicle in accordance with subsection (b) of Section 65 of this Act.
What about Carrying of a Concealed Firearm in Illinois?
As previously stated, in the eyes of the law transportation and carrying are two separate and distinctly different subjects. Only hand guns may be carried in Illinois. And Illinois does not allow Open Carry, meaning the firearm is visible to the general public (except on ones own private land, or the land of another with their permission). Illinois residents must have their concealed carry license on their person at all times when carrying concealed.
However the law is more loose for non-residents. While Illinois does not honor (read: reciprocation) the concealed carry licenses of any other states, and while Illinois only will issue non-resident licenses to 4 other states (See recent changes to non resident eligibility) actually non-residents are able to carry concealed firearms without an Illinois concealed carry license while in their vehicle if they are licensed to carry in their state of residence.
Some legal Definitions you need to know when transporting your firearm legally in Illinois.
According to various laws it is important you understand how certain terms are defined legally in Illinois.
The Illinois Firearm Concealed Carry Licensing (FCCL) Act defines concealed firearm as…
“Concealed firearm” means a loaded or unloaded handgun carried on or about a person completely or mostly concealed from view of the public or on or about a person within a vehicle.
The FCCL defines handgun as…
“Handgun” means any device which is designed to expel a projectile or projectiles by the action of an explosion, expansion of gas, or escape of gas that is designed to be held and fired by the use of a single hand.
The FCCL, however excludes the following items from the definition of handgun…
“Handgun” does not include:
(1) a stun gun or taser;
(2) a machine gun as defined in item (i) of paragraph
(7) of subsection (a) of Section 24-1 of the Criminal Code of 2012;
(3) a short-barreled rifle or shotgun as defined in
item (ii) of paragraph (7) of subsection (a) of Section 24-1 of the Criminal Code of 2012; or
(4) any pneumatic gun, spring gun, paint ball gun, or
B-B gun which expels a single globular projectile not exceeding .18 inch in diameter, or which has a maximum muzzle velocity of less than 700 feet per second, or which expels breakable paint balls containing washable marking colors.
The FCCL as well as previous case law, defines case as…
“case” includes a glove compartment or console that completely encloses the concealed firearm or ammunition, the trunk of the vehicle, or a firearm carrying box, shipping box, or other container.
This article is not legal advice. Please consult your criminal defense attorney with any questions.